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HISTORIC

Very old cushions

The first cushions were made with cloth:

bande en tissu pour table de billard

After, cushions with spring appears:

bande avec ressort pour les tables de billard

Actual cushions

Nowadays, they are made with with caoutchouc :

Carom - Triangular cushion

bande billard - triangulaire

Carom - Quadrangular cushion

bande billard - quadriangulaire

Russian billard

bande billard russe



Cushion' production process

This video presents all the process to produce rubber cushion:
  • Mixing of the row product
  • Extrusion of the rubber
  • Quality control
  • ...

CUSHION CHANGING

The cushion have an optimum yield of about 10 / 15 years:

bande - bord de table de billard

Video:

This video shows all the steps for changing the rubber cushion on a billiard table:
  • Removing the cloth and its clips
  • Removing the cushion and cleaning the wooden frame
  • Gluing the caoutchouc and the frame
  • Checking the alignment
  • Putting on cloth

Diaporama:

Thanks to G. DUPLOMB for his collaboration



FIXATION

Double system of fixation (carom / US )

The rubber cushions are glued on a wooden ruler, which is itself attached to the billiard table with large metal staples.

I would like to thank the establishment Linders Billiards ( see HERE the site ) for their welcome:

cushion fixation on a billiard table

cushion fixation on a billiard table

cushion fixation on a billiard table

Old systems

Here are old patents about cushions' fixation

patents for cushion fixation

CUSHIONS WITH TURNED-OVER CLOTH

There is no official text in France stipulating that table cloth upon cushions has to be put on one side or the other.
In fact official texts stipulate only that the same table cloth must cover the whole table. (surface and cushions)

Therefore it is possible to turn over the cloth to drape cushions.
The underside of the cloth being more fluffy than the upperside, there are advantages and disadvantages when doing that.


Advantages :
  • the longevity of the cloth upon cushions is better. ( the cloth does’nt wear out quickly )
  • therefore the carom trajectories in the 3 cushions game are getting longer
Disadvantages :
  • rebound against cushions is less powerfull ( balls are not rolling so fast )
  • when playing string games the effect of spins is lessened


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